Mathematics

 

During our school closure the most important thing you can do with your child is to ensure the fundamentals of mathematics (appropriate to your child's age) are secure - please see below for more information.

 

There is a list of websites at the bottom of this page that you can use with your child to help them learn in a fun and educational way!

 

EYFS (Sunbeams and Rainbows)

Counting - This could be counting stairs as you walk up them, how many socks in a pile, how many potatoes in a bag... anything!

Comparing - compare two different amounts. Which one has more and which one has less? Why?

Composition - count two groups of things separately and then put them together and count how many there are now.

Pattern - finding or creating patterns. They could do this practically with items or could draw something!

Shape - this could link nicely to patterns if you choose to do shape patterns!

Measures - try counting, for example, how long something is. BUT you don't have to use standard measures... why not measure in oranges?

 

KS1 (Red and Orange)

The same concepts from EYFS are vital to being a fluent mathematician - just take it a step or two further!

Number bonds - make sure your child knows their number bonds fluently. This is such an important skill, even at the top of the school! Start with 10, then 20 and then see if you can extend to 100! (Don't worry about every pair, but all numbers in the 10 times table are a great start. If you are really looking for a challenge, try numbers in the 5 times table!)

Times tables - In Year 2 children are expected to know their 2, 5 and 10 times tables - remember to use these facts for division as well as multiplication! In Year 1 the children are expected to be able to continue number patterns for the same times tables, but the difference is they should be counting on each time, instead of learning them off by heart. However, if they fancy a challenge...

Adding and subtracting - Add and subtract numbers, appropriate to their year group. They can use a variety of strategies to do this, from a practical method, to a mental method, to a formal written method (for example drawing jumps on a number line). In addition, try giving them some word problems for an extra challenge - can they spot the word that tells them to add or subtract?

Fractions - Year 1, can they recognise half and a quarter of a shape? Year 2, can they recognise 1/4, 1/3, 1/2 and 3/4 of a shape or quantity?

Shape - Year 1, can they name common 2D and 3D shapes? Year 2, can they name the properties of these shapes?

Money and time are also really nice, practical things you can do with your child! Year 1, can you child tell the time for 'o' clock and half past times? What about quarter past, to and 5 minute intervals for Year 2? For money, in Year 1, does your child know the value of different coins and notes? For Year 2, can your child make a given amount of money, including in different ways?

 

LKS2 (Yellow and Green)

Times tables, times tables, times tables! I cannot stress enough how important this is; the further up the school you go the more times tables permeate different areas of the mathematics curriculum. Becoming more fluent with these is the single biggest thing you can do to help your child feel confident with their maths. In Year 3, children should know their 3,4 and 8 times tables (in addition to 2,5 and 10 from Year 2). By the end of Year 4, the expectation is that children should be fluent in all times tables up to the 12 times table. Again, make sure your child knows the associated division facts as well as the multiplication facts!

Number and place value - does your child know the place value of different digits? Can they count in different number patterns? Can they compare and order numbers?

Addition and subtraction - can your child use both mental and formal written methods to solve calculations? Can they choose which to use for different calculations and explain why? Can the estimate and use the inverse to check their answers? Can they answer word problems, explaining how they know if it is addition or subtraction? 

Multiplication and division - Year 4, can your child use short division? Can they recognise factor pairs?

Fractions - can your child count up and down in tenths (and hundredths for Year 4)? Can they find fractions of an amount? Can they add and subtract fractions with the same denominator? 

Year 4 - does your child recognise decimal equivalents of 1/4, 1/2 and 3/4? Can they divide a number by 10 and 100, understanding place value? Can they round and compare decimals? Can they recognise simple equivalent fractions? 

 

UKS2 (Blue and Purple)

I said it in the LKS2 section and I'll say it again now...  times tables are the most important thing you can go over with your child. Being fluent is key to being a confident mathematician, and this means not just knowing a times table in order (1x6 is 6, 2x6 is 12 etc) but knowing any times table up to 12x12 in less than 6 seconds. So please make sure that you dedicate time every day to go through some times tables; this can be online, written or verbal but it really is incredibly important.

Number and place value - Can your child read, write, order and compare numbers to 1 million (or 10 million for Year 6)? Do they recognise the place value of every digit in these numbers? Can they recognise, understand and use negative numbers in context? Can they round numbers to a given degree of accuracy?

Calculation - Are they confident adding and subtracting increasingly large numbers, mentally or using a formal written method where appropriate? Can they identify multiples, factors and prime numbers? Can they use formal written methods to multiply and divide? Can they multiply and divide whole numbers and decimals by 10, 100 and 100, understanding the place value of every digit? Can they find square and cube numbers? Can they solve word problems for all 4 operations, reliably choosing which operation (or operations!) they need to use?

Fractions - Can they compare and order fractions where the denominators are not the same? Can they find equivalent fractions? Can they convert between mixed numbers and improper fractions? Can they add and subtract fractions where the denominators are not the same? Can they convert between common decimals and fractions (and percentages for Year 6)? 

 

Websites

 Please find below a list of websites that you might find useful for using with your child.

 

https://ttrockstars.com/ 

All children from Year 2 upwards have a username and password for this site - please see your child's pack for their login details if your child can't remember them.

https://numbots.com/

As we use TT Rockstars, we have been given temporary access to this site whilst we are closed. We have access from Year 2 upwards, the login details are the same as TT Rockstars.

https://www.topmarks.co.uk/

This is free site and is suitable for EYFS all the way up to Year 6. Please use the browse by age group function to find appropriate games and activities for your child.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/subjects/z6vg9j6

Another free site, again suitable for EYFS up to Year 6.

https://www.themathsfactor.com/

You may have heard about this site, Carol Vorderman usually charges for access to her maths site but for the duration of the school closures she has made it free for you to sign up.

https://nrich.maths.org/primary

Nrich is a fantasic site, really working to build children's understanding of maths. I have linked to the KS1/2 site but for EYFS please click the 'Early Years' tab.

https://www.ictgames.com/mobilePage/index.html

ICT games has some great maths games for EYFS and KS1.

 https://whiterosemaths.com/resources/classroom-resources/problems/

For KS1 and 2 (KS1 top page of each, KS2 bottom) this has some great problems that might really stretch your child to think!

https://uk.ixl.com/math/

Suitable for all Year groups, and handily (and clearly!) sorted by year group!

 

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